Recent history

Recent history After the death of Trujillo, the country went through several policy directions among which are the Professor Juan Bosch, who was overthrown at 7 months due to their intentions of social reforms and their alleged Marxist slant. A representative of the oligarchy Triumvirate neotrujillista replace the first democratic experience Dominican after 30 years of dictatorship. The return of the democratically elected government of Bosch was claimed by segments of the armed forces loyal to constitutional government. These factions were the people supplying participation weapons and military equipment to remove the triumvirate that had been installed in government. This started a civil war because of the division of the armed forces. This confrontation eventually led to U.S. military intervention covered in defending the “interests” U.S..See also: Civil war in the Dominican Republic, 1965 In 1966, Joaqu n Balaguer came to power and stayed there for a period of 12 years in a tough period, during which they say he used electoral fraud, the same long used the repression of political opponents in order that competition was negligible and legitimize his re-election “democratically”. For the 1970 election a political crisis arose when the Vice President in office, Mr. Francisco Augusto Lora disgusted with President Balaguer as he understood it was his turn to head the ballot as presidential candidate for the Reform Party , realizes that Dr. Balaguer want repostularse and opt for a new mandate and would not backtrack on their aspirations, and that leads to form another political party, the Movement for Democratic Integration, MIDA, leaving to attend the National Palace .Given this situation, further aggravated by political pressure from the opposition parties, Dr Balaguer explained that temporarily leave the presidency of the Republic to the President of the Supreme Court, Dr. Ramon Ruiz Manuel Tejada (1907 -1995), an honorable, honest and upright judge of impeccable track record and exercise, take charge of it temporarily. Dr. Ruiz Tejada quickly publicly disagreed with President Balaguer’s criteria and stated that only assume as head of the executive branch, if there was the temporary absence of President and Vice President of the Republic, as it provided in Article 58 of the Constitution Dominican.The events moved rapidly to 17 April 1970 after the Tejada Ruiz President Balaguer signed an agreement with opposition political parties, took over as interim president and immediately ordered the “complete and effective political neutralization of the public administration to ensure the requisite impartiality in the electoral process. ” Dr. Manuel Ram n Ruiz Tejada, President of the Supreme Court in exercise of executive power, he performed his duties fully and without limitations on its exercise, without causing any pressure from the president on leave and praised by management for all sectors and forces of the nation. After 36 days returned control to Dr. Balaguer and resumed his judicial duties (1966-1974) “without anyone pointing the index against him” as well said a newspaper headline of the day.On January 12, 1972 gun battle took place on the revolutionary group known as Vitoria “or Command of the Resistance ‘, against the intentions of President Joaqu n Balaguer re-establish a government similar to the recently ousted regime of Trujillo government in which formed, thus violating people’s right to exercise democratic politics. The confrontation occurred at kilometer 14 of Highway Las Americas, Santo Domingo. Vitoria “or Command of the Resistance were: Amaury Germain Aristy, Welcome Prandy Leal, also known as La Chute, Ulises Cer n Polanco and Virgilio Perez Perdomo. This group was part of the strategy of military support to General Francisco Alberto Caama o, leader of forces opposing U.S. military intervention in their intentions to overthrow Joaqu n Balaguer and carry out a social revolution in the country, also had membership at the managerial level of Mr.Miguel Cocco Guerrero and other Dominicans who were not participants in this fight, but who still continue to honor these ideals. During the elections of 1978, Antonio Guzm n Fern ndez was elected by the PRD. This became the first government elected by popular vote since 1966. His term was characterized as one of the most liberal who had the Dominican Republic in decades and the government of Juan Bosch.

Comments are closed.

  • « Older Entries
  • Newer Entries »