Federal Constitution

The Law n. 5.692/71, that it modifies the LDBEN of 1961, when defining ‘ treatment especial’ for the pupils with ‘ ‘ physical, mental deficiencies, the ones that if behind schedule find how much to the regular age of school registration and superdotados’ considerable; ‘ , it does not promote the organization of a system of education capable to take care of the educational necessities special and finishes strengthening the guiding them pupils for the classrooms and schools special. In 1973, it is created in the MEC, the National Center of Special Education CENESP, responsible for the management of the special education in Brazil, that, under gide integracionista, stimulated come back educational actions to the people with deficiency and the people with superendowment; still configured for assistenciais campaigns and isolated actions of State. In this period, one public politics of universal access to the education is not accomplished, remaining the conception of ‘ politics especiais’ to deal with the thematic one of the education of pupils with deficiency and, as for the pupils with superendowment, although the access to regular education, is not organized a specialized attendance that considers the singularidades of learning of these pupils.

Brazil demonstrated traces of one inclusive educational politics already in the promulgation of the Federal Constitution in 1988 in HEADING VIII, chapter Of the Social Order, when it clarifies: Art. 208. The duty of the State with the Education will be accomplished by means of the guarantee of: III – educational attendance specialized the deficiency carriers, preferential in the regular net of education; – 1 creation of prevention programs and attendance specialized for the carriers of physical, sensorial or mental deficiency, as well as of social integration of the adolescent deficiency carrier, by means of the training for the work and the convivncia, and the facilitation of the access to the collective goods and services, with the elimination of preconceptions and obstacles architectural.

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